First Robotic Surgery Performed to Remove Kidney Cancer Extending into the Heart
A surgical team at Keck Medicine of USC pushed the boundaries of clinical care by performing the first-ever robotic, minimally invasive surgical removal of a stage IV tumor thrombus — the removal of a kidney cancer tumor that extends into the heart.
The nearly 10-hour procedure required painstaking precision from three renowned surgeons, a critical care anesthesiologist and a radiologist. In doing the procedure, the team reduced the patient’s risk of sudden death from the tumor breaking off into the heart and lungs.
Typically, the surgery for a stage IV tumor thrombus, or blood clot, is both traumatic and risky. It requires major open surgery in which the patient’s chest and abdomen are opened completely while the anesthesiologist monitors the patient and the thrombus. The aim is to remove the tumor and thrombus from the inferior vena cava and the heart while ensuring it does not break. Several quarts of blood are needed for transfusion and patients have a 1 in 20 chance of dying during the procedure.
The use of robotic surgery techniques significantly reduced trauma to the patient and minimized blood loss by more than five-fold. By using small incisions, the patient’s hospital stay was just six days, as opposed to the typical two to three weeks after open surgery. Overall recovery time was also reduced significantly. Such multidisciplinary collaboration lays the groundwork for using advanced technology to build higher standards of patient care, even in the most complex cases.
“This exciting feat promises to redefine the boundaries of what is surgically possible through skill, collaboration and technology,” said Inderbir Gill, Distinguished Professor of Urology, founding executive director of the USC Institute of Urology and associate dean of clinical innovation at the Keck School of Medicine of USC. Gill led the multidisciplinary team that performed the surgery. “Our hope is that we can now propel the field at large to turn such futuristic robotic surgery into our present standard-of-care.”
Before the surgery, Vinnay Duddalwar, associate professor of clinical radiology, created three-dimensional animated maps of the patient’s chest and abdomen so that surgeons could pre-plan their entire surgical strategy with millimeter precision. The procedure began with Namir Katkhouda, professor of surgery, performing a surgical maneuver to control blood flow to the patient’s liver. Next, Gill used the latest-generation Xi da Vinci surgical robot to completely dissect the tumor-bearing kidney through small keyhole incisions in the patient’s abdomen to control various blood vessels, which allowed him access around and into the inferior vena cava where the cancer had spread. Then Mark Cunningham, associate professor of surgery, put the patient on a heart-lung bypass machine to create a bloodless environment for tumor removal. He opened the patient’s heart using a minimally invasive incision through the rib cage.
Read Full Article – Source: Doctors perform the first robotic surgery to remove kidney cancer extending into the heart | USC News
Author: Mary Dacuma
Photo Credit: Ricardo Carrasco and Van Urfalian